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Web Development Tools

Last Modified: 2022-09-22
Knfrmd - Web Development Tools
Daniel Ogedengbe
Daniel Ogedengbe
This should not be considered as a comprehensive list

Some Web Development Tools


An IDE, or Integrated Development Environment, enables programmers to consolidate the different aspects of writing a computer program. IDEs increase programmer productivity by combining everyday software activities into a single application: editing source code, building executables, and debugging.

Examples of IDEs include NetBeans, Eclipse, IntelliJ, and Visual Studio.

NetBeans is an integrated development environment (IDE) for Java. NetBeans allows applications to be developed from a set of modular software components called modules. NetBeans runs on Windows, macOS, Linux and Solaris. In addition to Java development, it has extensions for other languages like PHP, C, C++, HTML5, and JavaScript. Applications based on NetBeans, including the NetBeans IDE, can be extended by third-party developers.

Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming. It contains a base workspace and an extensible plug-in system for customizing the environment. Eclipse is written mainly in Java, and its primary use is for developing Java applications. However, it may also be used to develop applications in other programming languages via plug-ins, including Ada, ABAP, C, C++, C#, Clojure, COBOL, D, Erlang, Fortran, Groovy, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, Lasso, Lua, NATURAL, Perl, PHP, Prolog, Python, R, Ruby (including Ruby on Rails framework), Rust, Scala, and Scheme. It can also be used to develop documents with LaTeX (via a TeXlipse plug-in) and packages for the software Mathematica. Development environments include the Eclipse Java development tools (JDT) for Java and Scala, Eclipse CDT for C/C++, and Eclipse PDT for PHP.

IntelliJ is an integrated development environment (IDE) written in Java for developing computer software. JetBrains developed it (formerly known as IntelliJ) and is available as an Apache 2 Licensed community edition and in a proprietary commercial edition. Both can be used for commercial development.

Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft; this is what we used at Knfrmd. Visual Studio uses Microsoft software development platforms such as Windows API, Windows Forms, Windows Presentation Foundation, Windows Store and Microsoft Silverlight. It can produce both native codes and managed code.

Visual Studio includes a code editor that supports IntelliSense (the code completion component) and code refactoring. The integrated debugger works both as a source-level debugger and a machine-level debugger. Other built-in tools include a code profiler, designer for building GUI applications, web designer, class designer, and database schema designer. It accepts plug-ins that expand the functionality at almost every level—including adding support for source control systems (like Subversion and Git) and adding new toolsets like editors and visual designers for domain-specific languages or toolsets for other aspects of the software development lifecycle.

Visual Studio supports 36 different programming languages and allows the code editor and debugger to support (to varying degrees) nearly any programming language, provided a language-specific service exists.

Built-in languages include C, C++, C++/CLI, Visual Basic .NET, C#, F#, JavaScript, TypeScript, XML, XSLT, HTML, and CSS. Support for other languages such as Python, Ruby, Node.js, among others, is available via plug-ins.

The most basic edition of Visual Studio, the Community edition, is available free of charge. The slogan for Visual Studio Community edition is "Free, fully-featured IDE for students, open-source and individual developers."


In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software, providing generic functionality, can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software. It provides a standard way to build and deploy applications and is a universal, reusable software environment that provides particular functionality as part of a larger software platform to facilitate the development of software applications, products and solutions.

Software frameworks may include support programs, compilers, code libraries, toolsets, and application programming interfaces (APIs) that bring together all the different components to develop a project or system.

An example of a JavaScript Framework: Next.js

Next.js is a React framework that enables several extra features, including server-side rendering and generating static websites. React is a JavaScript library traditionally used to build web applications rendered in the client's browser with JavaScript. However, developers recognize several problems with this strategy, such as not catering to users who do not have access to JavaScript or have disabled it, potential security issues, significantly extended page loading times, and it can harm the site's overall search engine optimization.

Frameworks such as Next.js sidestep these problems by allowing some or all of the website to be rendered on the server-side before being sent to the client.Next.js is one of the most popular components available in React. It is one of several recommended "toolchains" available when starting a new app, all of which provide a layer of abstraction to aid in everyday tasks. Next.js requires Node.js and can be initialized using Node Package Manager.

Google has donated to the Next.js project, contributing 43 pull requests in 2019, where they helped in pruning unused JavaScript, reducing overhead time, and adding improved metrics. As of March 2020, the framework is used by many large websites, including Netflix, GitHub, Uber, Ticketmaster, and Starbucks. In early 2020, it was announced that Vercel had secured twenty-one million dollars in Series A funding to support improvements to the software.

An example of a CSS Framework: Bootstrap

Bootstrap is a free and open-source CSS framework directed at responsive, mobile-first front-end web development. Bootstrap contains CSS and (optionally) JavaScript-based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation, and other interface components. As of August 2021, Bootstrap is the tenth most starred project on GitHub, with over 152,000 stars, behind freeCodeCamp (over 328,000 stars), Vue.js framework, React library, TensorFlow and others.

Other Frameworks

There are other frameworks for different languages, and they should be taken advantage of. Please make sure any code you use is optimized. Think about the earth and the energy savings that can come from optimized code.

Other Web Development Tools

Aside from IDEs and Frameworks used daily on our team, there are tools like Chrome Dev Tools for testing and debugging, Github, Gitlab, Command-Line, and many others, which are not listed here. Take time to research what is needed and select the tools accordingly. Remember, Tools are designed to make work easier and more efficient.

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